CRCA - Chicago Roofing Contractors Association

Residential & Steep Slope Roofing

Roofing Specialties - Residential Roofing, with slopes from 2" in 12" and steeper, is called "Steep and Sloped Roofing" by the Professional Roofing Contractor Trades.

Many different materials are used for steep and sloped roofing.

Photo Courtesy of
Roofing Co., Inc

Wood or Asphalt Composition shingles are the most common roofing material used in residential and other "Steep and Sloped Applications" worldwide.

Shingles are made of carrier sheets of organic or fiberglass, coated with asphalt and granulated in
a wide array of colors. Asphalt shingles are made to look like wood shingles. Many shingle manufacturers have tested to the new City of Chicago Code requirements for reflectivity. Some have not tested to these new standards yet. Check with your professional Roofing Contractor for specifics information about City, County and National Code Requirements for Roofing.

Photo Courtesy of
National Park Service,
John Ingle Photo
Wood Shingles
Wood Shingles are typically made of cedar, and are used mainly on higher slopes from 4" in 12" upward. They are very aesthetically pleasing with a rich look. Also, if applied properly, Wood Shingles have a long life expectancy.

Photo Courtesy of
All American Roofing, Inc.
Wood Shakes
Split wood shakes are aesthetically pleasing and long lasting. Shakes, due to their rough look, are desired in certain architecture concepts. They are also more difficult to install than typical shingle applications.

Photo Courtesy of
CertainTeed Corp
Slate & Tile
Slate roofs have been used in many applications, worldwide. Slate ages very well on roofing applications. However, slate application is very specialized, with few contractors specializing in this type of material installation.

Photo Courtesy of
Tuscher Roofing Co.
Flat Roofing Systems
In many cases, there are flat roofs on residential structures. Please refer to the Low Slope Commercial, Industrial and Institutional page for further information about roofing systems and contractors.


How to Select a Roofing and Waterproofing/Dampproofing Contractor

The Characteristics that are important in any service industry selection also hold true with a waterproofing and dampproofing contractor. Important things to consider are:

  1. Is Roofing and Waterproofing/Dampproofing the contractors’ primary business? Does the firm have experience installing the particular materials on the project?
  2. Does the Contractor have an educated workforce?
  3. Is the Contractor Licensed and Bonded?
  4. Does the Contractor belong to the local (CRCA), regional (MRCA) and national (NRCA) trade associations? These associations provide educational opportunities for employees and workers in many topics.
  5. Insurance protection is important to you, the purchaser. Does the Contractor have adequate Workers Compensation, Finished Products and General Liability Insurance as required by local ordinances? Ask for the certificates of insurance and review the coverage and effective dates.
  6. Have you seen a reference project listing of similar projects?
  7. Have you called the local Better Business Bureau?
  8. Did the contractor provide a written proposal?
  9. Have you verified the contractors address, Tax I.D. number, phone and fax numbers?
  10. What kind of Quality and Safety Programs does the firm have in place to protect you and their employees? Do they have any certifications? Is their safety record better than the national average consistently? (click here for information about Safety)
  11. Who will supervise the work?

The questions above for evaluation of a contractor are not exhaustive. Be sure to review bids for work carefully, focusing not just on price, but also on quality and qualifications to perform the scope of work on the particular Roofing, Waterproofing or Dampproofing project.

How to Select a Contractor?
How to Find a Contractor?
Why a CRCA Member Contractor?
Browse the CRCA Member List


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